17 August 1905
|Died||25 July 1985 (aged 79)|
Bhudo Advani (17 August 1905 – 25 July 1985) was an Indian cinema character-actor and comedian. He started his acting career in theatre with the notion of spreading awareness on social issues. He came to Bombay on the advice of an Ajanta Cinetone representative and was offered a role in the film Afzal, also called Hoor-E-Haram in 1933, directed by Mohan Bhavnani. He later joined Sagar Movietone, becoming an important fixture in most films produced by them. He turned from character roles to comedy performing in Dr. Madhurika (1935), directed by Sarvottam Badami, Deccan Queen (1936) and Do Diwaane (1936), by C. Luhar.
Advani also became a vital part in director Mehboob Khan's films, acting in all the pictures directed by Mehboob while at Sagar Movietone. When Sagar shut down in 1939, Mehboob formed his own production company, National Studios, Bhudo Advani become a member there, but by the beginning of the 1940s, Advani was doing freelance work. In a career spanning forty-four years from 1933 to 1977, he acted in over ninety films. Belonging to the Sindhi community, Advani, along with Moti Prakash and S. P. Menghani, helped toward the development and formation of the Sindhi theatre in 1961.
His later memorable roles were in some of Raj Kapoor's films such as Boot Polish (1954), in which he lip-synced to the song "Lapak Jhapak Tu Aa Re Badariya", sung by Manna De in Raga Adhana, also in Shri 420 (1955) and Ab Dilli Dur Nahin (1957). His last film was Shatranj Ke Khiladi (1977), made by Satyajit Ray.
Early life[edit | edit source]
Bhudo Advani was born Daulatram Advani, on 17 August 1905, in Hyderabad, Sindh (now in Pakistan), British India. Following his matriculation exams, he spent his holidays staging plays based on social issues, which were of prime importance to him. During this time, he performed a play in which he had to portray an old man, "Buddha" or "Buddho" (a colloquial reference for an old man). Another reason for his name, Bhudo (old man), was due to his toothless smile; his edentia reportedly was caused by a hereditary disorder. The name stuck, and he was referred to as Bhudo Advani in film credits instead of Daulatram.
He was spotted by a representative of Ajanta Cinetone, who saw him in a play and asked Advani to come to Bombay and join films. Advani left Hyderabad and went to Bombay, where he was given a role in Afzal (1933).
Career[edit | edit source]
Following his debut in Afzal or Hoor-E-Haram (1933), directed by Mohan Dayaram Bhavnani (Mohan Bhavnani, M. D. Bhavnani), Advani worked in an administrative capacity in the production company while also acting in several movies produced by Ajanta Cinetone. Some of the films he acted in were Maya Jaal (1933), a fantasy directed by Shanti L. Dave for Ajanta Cinetone Ltd., co-starring Bibbo, Master Nissar and P. Jairaj; Dard-E-Dil (1934); Dukhtare-E-Hind (1934); The Mill, also called Mazdoor (1934), directed by M. D. Bhavnani (Mohan Dayaram Bhavnani), and starring Bibbo, who played the mill owner's daughter in the film, with Motilal as the hero; and Sair-E-Paristan (1934), directed by M. D. Bhavnani and co-starring Bibbo, P. Jairaj and Khalil.
He left Ajanta Cinetone following an offer from Chimanlal Desai and Dr. Patel to join Sagar Movietone. Here he had the opportunity to work with directors such as Sarvottam Badami, Mehboob Khan and K. P. Ghosh. He became popular doing comedy roles and worked in over twenty films produced by them. Some of his films with Mehboob Khan were: Manmohan (1936), a film made to compete with Calcutta's New Theatres Ltd's Devdas, starring Surendra and Bibbo, and was a commercial success at the box-office; Deccan Queen, an action adventure film directed by Mehboob; the first "stunt" film from Sagar Movietone – Jagirdar (1937), a "romantic melodrama", with Bibbo and Surendra co-starring with Motilal; and in 1938, Gramaphone Singer, with Bibbo and Surendra, directed by V. C. Desai and R. Thakur, who were referred to as "juniors" in Sagar at the time of production of this film. The music was by Anil Biswas with dialogues by Zia Sarhadi.
In Raj Kapoor's Boot Polish (1954), Advani sings "Lapak Jhapak Tu Aa Re Badariya". The scene is referred to by author Rahaim, as an example of a "model of stillness", where the singer holds the tone with the audience watching awe-struck in frozen silence. The song, composed in Raga Adhana had Manna De providing play-back for Advani.
In 1958, Advani acted in the Sindhi film Rai Daich, based on a folk story about the king of Junagadh, Rai Daich. It was produced by Atu Lalwani and D. P. Kriplani and directed by J. B. Lulla. With lyrics by Parsram Zia, the film became popular due to its music, which was composed by Bulo C. Rani. He acted in several films till 1977, in small roles. In 1977, he acted in his last feature film Shatranj Ke Khiladi, based on a short story written by Munshi Premchand. The ensemble cast included Sanjeev Kumar, Saeed Jaffrey, Shabana Azmi, Richard Attenborough, Tom Alter, Victor Bannerjee and Farooq Sheikh. Produced by Suresh Jindal, it was directed by Satyajit Ray for Hindi cinema.
Death[edit | edit source]
Bhudo Advani died on 25 July 1985, in Bombay, Maharashtra, India.
Filmography[edit | edit source]
|1933||Afzal a.k.a. Hoor-E-Haram||Mohan Bhavanani||Ajanta Cinetone Ltd.|
|1933||Maya Jaal a.k.a. Satan Weeps or Jung-E-Ulfat||Shanti Dave||Ajanta Cinetone Ltd.|
|1934||Shahi Gawaiya a.k.a. The Royal Musician or Vasavadatta||P. Y. Altekar||Ajanta Cinetone Ltd.|
|1934||Sair-E-Paristan||Mohan Bhavanani||Ajanta Cinetone Ltd.|
|1934||Dard-E-Dil a.k.a. Romance||Mohan Bhavanani||Ajanta Cinetone Ltd.|
|1934||Mazdoor a.k.a. The Mill||Mohan Bhavanani||Ajanta Cinetone Ltd.|
|1935||Pyar Ki Maar a.k.a. The Onslaught Of Love||A. P. Kapoor||Ajanta Cinetone Ltd.|
|1935||Dr. Madhurika||Sarvottam Badami||Sagar Movietone|
|1936||Deccan Queen||Mehboob Khan||Sagar Movietone|
|1936||Manmohan||Mehboob Khan||Sagar Movietone|
|1937||Jagirdar a.k.a. Landlord||Mehboob Khan||Sagar Movietone|
|1938||Gramophone Singer||V. C. Desai||Sagar Movietone|
|1938||Dynamite||C. M. Luhar||Sagar Movietone|
|1939||Seva Samaj, a.k.a. Service Ltd.||C. M. Luhar||Sagar Movietone|
|1939||Ladies Only||Sarvottam Badami||Sagar Movietone|
|1940||Kum Kum The Dancer||Modhu Bose||Sagar Movietone|
|1940||Pooja||A. R. Kardar||National Studios|
|1941||Nai Roshni||Lalit Mehta, Chimankant Gandhi||National Studios|
|1941||Bahen a.k.a. Sister||Mehboob Khan||National Studios|
|1942||Mata a.k.a. Mother||V. M. Gunjal||Kirti Pictures|
|1943||Fashion||S. F. Hasnain||Fazli Brothers|
|1944||Bisvi Sadi (Biswi Sadi)||M. D. Bhavnani||Bhavnani Productions|
|1945||Pehli Nazar||Mazhar Khan||Mazhar Art Productions|
|1946||Anmol Ghadi||Mehboob Khan||Mehboob Productions|
|1947||Shahkar a.k.a. The Masterpiece||S. Khalil||United Films|
|1948||Anokhi Ada||Mehboob Khan||Mehboob Productions|
|1949||Duniya||S. F. Hasnain||Fazli Brothers|
|1950||Meena Bazaar||Ravindra Dave||Pancholi Productions|
|1950||Aankhen (Ankhen)||Devendra Goel||Devendra Cine Corporation|
|1951||Saudagar||M. I. Dharmsey||West Hind Pictures|
|1952||Khubsurat||S. F. Hasnain||Fazli Brothers|
|1954||Boot Polish||Prakash Arora||R. K. Films|
|1955||Shri 420||Raj Kapoor||R. K. Films|
|1955||Pyaase Nain||S. Ram||Tekchand Talkies|
|1956||Kismet Ka Khel||Kishore Sahu||Sahu Films Ltd.|
|1957||Miss Bombay||Kedar Kapoor||N. C. Films|
|1957||Ab Dilli Dur Nahin||Amar Kumar||R. K. Films|
|1958||Madhumati||Bimal Roy||Bimal Roy Productions|
|1959||Qaidi No. 911||Aspi||Super Pictures|
|1960||Anuradha||Hrishikesh Mukherjee||L. B. Films|
|1963||Bachpan||Nazar||New Panch Ratan Pictures|
|1969||Khamoshi||Asit Sen||Geetanjali Pictures|
|1977||Shatranj Ke Khiladi||Satyajit Ray||Suresh Jindal|
References[edit | edit source]
- Kothari, Biren (2014). Sagar Movietone (1 ed.). Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India: Saarthak Prakashan. p. 217. ISBN 9788192686868.
- BA, p. 217
- Sanjit Narwekar (2005). Eena meena deeka: the story of Hindi film comedy. Rupa & Co. p. 33. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- Prakash Bharadwaj (1988). Sindhis Through the Ages. World-Wide Publishing Company. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- Raju Bharatan (1 September 2010). A Journey Down Melody Lane. Hay House, Inc. pp. 174–. ISBN 978-93-81398-05-0. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- BA, p. 218
- Habib Tanvir (15 May 2014). Memoirs. Penguin Books Limited. pp. 216–. ISBN 978-93-5118-202-3. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
- Crow, Jonathan. "Deccan Queen 1936". The New York Times Company. New York Times. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- Crow, Jonathan. "Jagirdar 1937 Overview". Movies. The New York Times Company. New York Times. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- "Round The town-review-Gramaphone Singer". Filmindia. 4 (7): 51. November 1938. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
- Matthew Rahaim (29 October 2012). Musicking Bodies: Gesture and Voice in Hindustani Music. Wesleyan University Press. pp. 109–. ISBN 978-0-8195-7327-8. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- Ashish Rajadhyaksha; Paul Willemen (10 July 2014). Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. Taylor & Francis. pp. 1994–. ISBN 978-1-135-94325-7. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
- Lokapally, Vijay (30 May 2014). "Friday Review-Shatranj Ke Khiladi (1977)". The Hindu. The Hindu. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
- "Bhudo Advani". muvyz.com. Muvyz, Ltd. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- "Bhudo Advani-filmography". citwf.com. Alan Goble. Retrieved 25 November 2016.