List of stateless societies

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Map of the world in 2000 BCE color-coded by type of society.
  uninhabited
  Area of bronze working, c. 2000 BCE.
Map of the world in 1000 BCE color-coded by type of society.
  uninhabited
  Area of iron working, c. 1000 BCE.
  Area of bronze working, c. 1000 BCE.
Map of the world in 500 BCE color-coded by type of society.
  uninhabited
Map of the world in 323 BCE color-coded by type of society.
  Greek and Hellenized states and empires
  uninhabited
Map of the world in 200 BCE color-coded by type of society.
  Iranian, Persian, Greek and Hellenized states and empires
  uninhabited

This is a list of stateless societies that have existed throughout history without the centralization of authority.

Historical societies[edit | edit source]

Flag Society From Until Duration Ideology Ref.
Star of David.svg Essenes 150 BCE 66 CE Template:Ayd Judaism [1]
Frisian flag.svg Frisian freedom 800 1523 Template:Ayd Antifeudalism [2]
Flag of The Icelandic Commonwealth.png Icelandic Commonwealth 930 1262 Template:Ayd Direct democracy [3]
Hussite banner (Taborites).png Taborites 25 March 1420 1452 Template:Ayd Radical Hussitism [4]
Flag of Cospaia.svg Republic of Cospaia 29 June 1440 5 May 1826 Template:Ayd Republicanism [5]
Pirate Flag of Jack Rackham.svg Golden Age of Piracy October 1650 12 July 1726 Template:Ayd Piracy [6]
Flag of South Carolina (1861).svg South Carolina Commune 4 February 1868 10 March 1874 Template:Ayd Civil rights [7]

Indigenous societies[edit | edit source]

Flag Society Provisioning system Homeland Ref.
Australian Aboriginal Flag.svg Aboriginal Australians Various Australia [8]
Berber flag.svg Amazigh Agricultural Maghreb [8]
Andaman and Nicobar Administration Banner.png Andamanese Hunter-gatherer Andaman Islands [9]
Anga Horticultural Jos Plateau [10]
Flag of the Gambella Region.svg Anuak Horticultural Anuak Zone, Gambela [8]
Bassa Subsistence agriculture Bassaland [10]
Berom Subsistence agriculture Jos Plateau [10]
Birifor Volta [10]
Bobo Subsistence agriculture Bobo-Dioulasso [10]
Flag of the Cherokee Nation.svg Cherokee Agricultural Cherokee Nation [11]
Croatan Subsistence agriculture Croatan Sound [12]
Dan Agricultural Man [10]
Dayak Agricultural Borneo [8]
Dogon Subsistence agriculture Dogon country [10]
File:Flag of Cross River State.png Ekoi Horticultural Ekoi land [10]
Gagu[page needed] Pastoral agriculture [10]
Flag of Maryland County.svg Grebo Grebo land [10]
Flag of the Hopi.png Hopi Agricultural Hopi Nation [13]
Nsibidi.png Ibibio Horticultural Akwa Ibom [10]
Idoma Hunter-gatherer Benue [10]
Ifugao Horticultural Ifugao [8]
Flag of Biafra.svg Igbo Horticultural Igboland [14][10]
File:Flag of Rivers State.png Ijaw Horticultural Niger Delta [10]
Flag of Nunavut.svg Inuit Hunter-gatherer Arctic [8]
Kissi Subsistence agriculture Guinea Highlands [10]
Konkomba Horticultural Northern Ghana [8][10]
Flag of Grand Kru County.svg Kru Fishing Grand Kru County [10]
Kusasi Kasaug Traditional Area [10]
Lugbara Subsistence agriculture West Nile [8]
Mamprusi East Mamprusi [10]
Flag of Nimba County.svg Mano Horticultural Nimba County [10]
Flag of the Mapuches.svg Mapuche Pastoral agriculture Araucanía [15]
File:Flag of Vihiga County.png Maragoli Vihiga County [10]
Mbuti Hunter-gatherer Ituri Rainforest [16]
Niitsitapi Hunter-gatherer Blackfeet Nation [17]
Governadorat d'Aswan.png Nubian Agricultural Nubia [18]
Flag of the Gambella Region.svg Nuer Pastoralism Nuer Zone, Gambela [10]
Flag of the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation.PNG Pequot Agricultural Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation [19]
Flag of Amazonas Indigenous State.svg Piaroa Subsistence agriculture Orinoco [20]
Puliklah Hunter-gatherer Yurok Indian Reservation [8]
Tallensi Horticultural Tallensi Traditional Area [10]
Plateau Tonga Subsistence agriculture Binga [8]
Quinnipiac Hunter-gatherer Quinnipiac River [21]
Sami flag.svg Sami Pastoralism Sápmi [8]
San Hunter-gatherer Central Kalahari [22]
Santals Agricultural Jharkhand [8]
Flag of Perak.svg Semai Subsistence agriculture Perak [23]
Flag of the Seminole Tribe of Florida.PNG Seminoles Hunter-gatherer Seminole Nation [24]
Zimbabwe Bird.svg Shona Subsistence agriculture Mashonaland [10]
File:Flag of Nasarawa State.png Tiv Horticultural Tivland [8][10]
File:Flag of Delta State.png Urhbo Subsistence agriculture Niger Delta [10]
Zomia [25]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Kautsky, Karl (1953). Foundations of Christianity. Vol. Book Three. Translated by Henry F. Mins. ISBN 978-0-902869-93-6.
  2. Gelderloos, Peter (2010). "What about global environmental problems, like climate change?". Anarchy Works. San Francisco: Ardent Press.
  3. Barclay, Harold (1990). People Without Government: An Anthropology of Anarchy. Seattle: Left Bank Books. pp. 93–96.
  4. Cohn, Norman (1970). The Pursuit of the Millennium: Revolutionary millenarians and mystical anarchists of the Middle Ages. London: Paladin. pp. 207–208.
  5. Milani, Giuseppe; Selvi, Giovanna (1996). "Tra Rio e Riascolo: piccola storia del territorio libero di Cospaia". Lama di San Giustino: Associazione genitori oggi: 18. OCLC 848645655. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. Leeson, Peter T. (2007). "An-arrgh-chy: The Law and Economics of Pirate Organization" (PDF). Journal of Political Economy, George Mason University. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. W.E.B. Du Bois, Black Reconstruction in America: An Essay Toward a History of the Part Which Black Folk Played in the Attempt to Reconstruct Democracy in America (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007), 449.
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 Barclay, Harold (1990). People Without Government: An Anthropology of Anarchy. Seattle: Left Bank Books.
  9. John Zerzan, Future Primitive Revisisted (Port Townsend: Feral House, 2012), 13-14.
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 10.14 10.15 10.16 10.17 10.18 10.19 10.20 10.21 10.22 10.23 10.24 10.25 Mbah, Sam (2001). African Anarchism: The History of a Movement.
  11. Perdue, Theda (2007). The Cherokee Nation and the Trail of Tears. New York: Penguin Books.
  12. "Indian Towns and Buildings of Eastern North Carolina", Fort Raleigh National Historic Site, National Park Service, 2008, Retrieved 24 April 2010.
  13. Eggan, Fred, Social Organization of the Western Pueblos (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960)
  14. Emmanuel C. Onyeozili and Obi N. I. Ebbe, “Social Control in Precolonial Igboland of Nigeria”, African Journal of Criminology and Justice Studies (2012)
  15. Zibechi, Raúl (2010). Territories in Resistance: A Cartography of Latin American Social Movements. Oakland: AK Press.
  16. Turnbull, Colin (1968). The Forest People. New York: Simon & Schuster.
  17. Ladner, Kiera (2003). "Governing Within an Ecological Context: Creating an Alternative Understanding of Blackfoot Governance". Studies in Political Economy. 70: 137–150. doi:10.1080/07078552.2003.11827132. S2CID 151545741.
  18. Robert Fernea, “Putting a Stone in the Middle: the Nubians of Northern Africa,” in Graham Kemp and Douglas P. Fry (eds.), Keeping the Peace: Conflict Resolution and Peaceful Societies around the World, New York: Routledge, 2004, p. 111.
  19. William A. Starna, “Pequots in the Early Seventeenth Century” in ed. Laurence M. Hauptman and James D. Wherry, The Pequots in Southern New England: The Fall and Rise of an American Indian Nation (Norman and London: University of Oakland Press, 1990), 42.
  20. Graeber, David (2004). Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropology. Chicago: Prickly Paradigms Press. pp. 26–27.
  21. John Menta, The Quinnipiac: Cultural Conflict in Southern New England (New Haven: Yale University, 2003)
  22. Lee, Richard (2003). The Dobe Ju/hoansi. Thomas Learning/Wadsworth.
  23. Robert K. Dentan, The Semai: A Nonviolent People of Malaya. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1979
  24. Greg Urban, “The Social Organizations of the Southeast,” in ed. Raymond J. Demallie and Alfonso Ortiz, North American Indian Anthropology: Essays on Society and Culture(Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1994), 175-178.
  25. Scott, James (2009). The Art of Not Being Governed: An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia. New Haven: University of Yale Press.