Om Puri

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Template:Infobox actor

Om Prakash Puri, OBE (18 October 1950 – 6 January 2017) was an Indian actor who appeared in mainstream commercial Hindi films, as well as independent and art films. He is best known for his author-backed roles in films like Aakrosh (1980), Arohan (1982), Ardh Satya and television films like Sadgati (1981) and Tamas (1987) and also light-hearted roles in Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro (1983) and Chachi 420 (1997). He had various collaborations with director Shyam Benegal and Govind Nihalani.[1] Puri also appeared in non-Indian productions in the United States and Britain.[2]

Puri was awarded Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award of India, in 1990.[3] In 2004, he was made an honorary Officer of the Order of the British Empire.[4]

Early life[edit | edit source]

Om Puri was born in Ambala. His father, Rajesh Puri, worked on the railways and in the Indian Army.[5] As he had no birth certificate or records, his family was unsure of his date and year of birth, however, his mother told him he had been born two days after the Hindu festival Dussehra. When he began his schooling, his uncle chose 9 March 1950 as his "official" birthday, however as an adult when he moved to Mumbai, Puri looked up when Dussehra was celebrated in 1950, to establish his date of birth as 18 October.[6]

Puri came from an underprivileged background. When he was six years old, his father who was a railway employee was put behind bars on allegations of theft of cement. This resulted in their family becoming homeless. To make ends meet, Puri's brother, Ved Prakash Puri, worked as a coolie (railway porter) and Puri worked in a local tea shop,[7] did odd jobs and collected coal from nearby railways tracks to support his family.[8] He and his brother's children were later brought up by a maid servant, Shanti.[9]

While working, Puri continued to study. After his primary education, he joined the National School of Drama in Delhi to study theatre acting.[10] A fellow NSD student who became a long-term friend, Naseeruddin Shah, encouraged Puri to follow him to the Film and Television Institute of India in Poona (present-day Pune).[9][11] In an interview with The Times of India, Puri later recounted his family was so poor that he did not have a decent shirt to wear when he joined FTII. According to Shah, Puri was disappointed by his education at FTII, and also was unable to pay tuition fees—when he became well-known, the institute followed up the debt of 280, which Puri refused to pay due to the "impish thrill" of owing them money.[12]

Career[edit | edit source]

Puri's first film was Chor Chor Chhup ja, a children's film. During this time, to make ends meet he also worked at the Actors' Studio, where future actors such as Gulshan Grover and Anil Kapoor would be his students.[7]

Subsequently, Puri worked in numerous Indian films, as well as many films produced in the United Kingdom and the United States.[13]

Puri made his debut in the mainstream films genre in the 1976 Marathi film Ghashiram Kotwal,[14][15] based on a Marathi play of the same name by Vijay Tendulkar.[15] It was directed by K. Hariharan and Mani Kaul in cooperation with 16 graduates of the FTII.[16] He has claimed that he was paid "peanuts" for his best work.[17] Along with Amrish Puri, Naseeruddin Shah, Shabana Azmi and Smita Patil, he was among the main actors who starred in what was then referred to as art films such as Bhavni Bhavai (1980), Sadgati (1981), Ardh Satya (1982), Mirch Masala (1986) and Dharavi (1992).

He was critically acclaimed for his performances in many unconventional roles such as a victimized tribal in Aakrosh (1980);[18] Jimmy's manager in Disco Dancer (1982);[19] a police inspector in Ardh Satya (1982),[19] for which he got the National Film Award for Best Actor;[20] a humble husband in Seepeeyan (1984),[21] Vinod's uncle in Zamana the leader of a cell of Sikh militants in Maachis (1996); as a tough cop again in the commercial film Gupt in 1997; and as the courageous father of a martyred soldier in Dhoop (2003).

In 1999, Puri acted in a Kannada film A.K. 47 as a strict police officer who tries to keep the city safe from the underworld—it became a huge commercial hit. Puri's acting in the film is memorable. He rendered his own voice for the Kannada dialogues. In the same year, he starred in the successful British comedy-drama film East is East, where he played a first-generation Pakistani immigrant in Northern England,[18] struggling to come to terms with his far more westernised children.

Puri in 2009

Puri had a cameo in the highly acclaimed film Gandhi (1982, directed by Richard Attenborough).[18][22] In the mid-1990s, he diversified to play character roles in mainstream Hindi cinema, where his roles are more tuned to mass audiences than film critics. He became known internationally by starring in many British films such as My Son the Fanatic (1997), East Is East (1999)[19] and The Parole Officer (2001). He appeared in Hollywood films including City of Joy (1992),[21] opposite Patrick Swayze;[22] Wolf (1994) with Jack Nicholson;[21][22] and The Ghost and the Darkness (1996) opposite Val Kilmer.[22] In 2007, he appeared as General Zia-ul-Haq in Charlie Wilson's War, which stars Tom Hanks and Julia Roberts.[21]

He has worked in Hindi television serials like Kakkaji Kaheen (1988) (roughly meaning "Uncle Says") as a paan-chewing 'Kakkaji', which was a parody on politicians, and Mr. Yogi (1989) as a suave 'Sutradhaar' who enjoys pulling the protagonist's leg. These two serials underlined Om Puri's versatility as a comedian. He received critical acclaim for his performance in Govind Nihalani's television film Tamas (1988)[19] based on a Hindi novel of the same name. He played comic roles in Hindi films like Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro which reached a cult status,[21] followed by Chachi 420 (1997), Hera Pheri (2000), Chor Machaye Shor (2002), Deewane Hue Pagal, Chup Chup Ke, Kismet Connection and Malamaal Weekly (2006) and Oh My God. He was regular in films directed by Priyadarshan and Kamal Haasan.

His notable roles in commercial Hindi films included Drohkaal, In Custody, Narsimha, Ghayal, Mrityudand, Aastha, Hey Ram, Pyar Toh Hona Hi Tha, Farz, Gadar, Lakshya, Dev (2004), Rang De Basanti, Yuva, Singh Is Kinng, Mere Baap Pehle Aap, Billu, Kyunki, Lakshya, Dabang, Bhaji in Problem, Khap, Bajrangi Bhaijaan, Ghayal Once Again. Puri was seen in the role of Mohammad Ali Kasuri in Road to Sangam (2009). In 2010, he appeared in The Hangman. In 2011 he was in the Indian action film Don 2.

He has also worked in some episodes of the TV series Aahat during the second season which was aired between 2004 and 2005 on Sony channel. Other notable television appearances included Bharat Ek Khoj, Yatra, Mr. Yogi, Kakaji Kahin, Sea Hawks, Antaral and Savdhaan India's second season.[23]

In 2014, he appeared opposite Helen Mirren in the comedy-drama The Hundred-Foot Journey.[14][21] At the time of his death in January 2017, he was working on the Marathi film, 15 August Bhagile 26 January.[24]

Several of his completed films released after his death including Viceroy's House and Tubelight.[25]

Personal life[edit | edit source]

Puri married director/writer Seema Kapoor, the sister of actor Annu Kapoor, in 1991, but their marriage ended after eight months.[26]

In 1993, he married journalist Nandita Puri, with whom he had a son named Ishaan.[27][28] In 2009, Nandita wrote a biography of her husband titled Unlikely Hero: The Story of Om Puri. Upon the book's publication, Puri spoke of his anger at the inclusion of explicit details of his previous relationships.[29] In 2013, Nandita filed an allegation of domestic violence against him, and the two opted for a judicial separation shortly afterwards.[30]

His second wife reported that they kept a "secular house",[31] but that "while Om is not ritualistic, he does not mind others being so".[31] He took "solace in spiritual reading", particularly in the writings of spiritual teacher Eknath Easwaran, many of whose books he shared with friends.[31] Puri seldom took politics seriously, and often found relaxation by cooking or gardening.[31] In an interview to Rajya Sabha TV in 2012, Om Puri spoke about his interest in agriculture and cooking, and suggested that his dream was to open a dhaba by the name Daal Roti.[32]

Death[edit | edit source]

Template:Wikinews On 6 January 2017, Puri died at the age of 66, after having a heart attack at his residence in Andheri, Mumbai.[33][34][35] He was honoured at the 89th Academy Awards in memoriam segment for his contribution in Indian and world cinema.[36]

Filmography[edit | edit source]

Film[edit | edit source]

Year Title Role Notes
1975 Kalla Kalla Bachitko
1975 Chor Chor Chhupja
1976 Ghashiram Kotwall Ghashiram Marathi film based on play Ghashiram Kotwal
1977 Smothered Voices
1977 Bhumika
1977 Godhuli
1977 Tabbaliyu Neenade Magane Kannada film
1978 Arvind Desai Ki Ajeeb Dastaan Rajesh
1978 Bhookh Colonel
1979 Shaayad Nandlal
1979 Saanch Ko Aanch Nahin
1980 Sparsh Dubey
1980 Chann Pardesi Tulsi Punjabi film
1980 Bhavni Bhavai Maanav Bhagat
1980 Albert Pinto Ko Gussa Kyoon Aata Hai Madhu (mechanic)
1980 Aakrosh Lahanya Bhiku Won Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award
1981 Hari Hondal Bargadar : Share Cropper
1981 Kalyug Bhavani Pandey
1981 Shodh Surendra
1982 Gandhi Nahari
1982 Disco Dancer David Brown
1982 Waqt-Waqt Ki Baat
1982 Raaste Pyar Ke Suldev
1982 Vijeta Arvind
1982 Naseeb Ni Balihari Gujarati film
1983 Gumnaam Hai Koi
1983 Chokh Jadunath
1983 Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro Ahuja
1983 Arohan Hari Mondal Won, National Film Award for Best Actor
1983 Ardh Satya Anant Velankar Won, National Film Award for Best Actor
Won, Karlovy Vary International Film Festival Best Actor
1983 Mandi Ram Gopal
1983 Bekaraar
1983 Ashray
1984 Party Avinash
1984 Maati Maangey Khoon Durjan Singh
1984 Duniya Vasudev
1984 Shrant
1984 Raavan Samant (Staiton Master)
1984 Paar Ram Naresh
1984 Ram Ki Ganga Laalu / Lal Dandhwani
1984 Tarang Namdev
1984 Sheeshay Ka Ghar
1984 Giddh Bhashya
1985 Paththar Resham Singh
1985 Zamana Shyamlal
1985 Bahu Ki Awaaz Advocate Jaswant Srivastav
1985 Holi Principal Pandey
1985 Nasoor Dr Sunil
1985 Sanjhi Bhikhu
1985 Aghaat Trade Unionist
1985 Debshishu Poor Labourer
1986 Antaheen
1986 Genesis The weaver
1986 New Delhi Times Ajay Singh
1986 Long Da Lishkara Dittu Punjabi film
1987 Debshishu
1987 Mirch Masala Abu Mian
1987 Goraa
1987 Susman Ramulu
1987 Marte Dam Tak Daulat / D.K.
1988 Achanak
1988 Hum Farishte Nahin Gopi / Tala Master / Murlidhar
1988 Ek Hi Maqsad Dr. Ram Kumar Verma
1988 Puravrutham Raman Malayalam film
1989 Shagun
1989 Sava Ser Gehu
1989 Darshana
1989 Ilaaka Bheema (Raja's Foster Father)
1990 Sankranti
1990 Kayedi
1990 Halaat
1990 Ghayal ACP Joe D'Souza Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor
1990 Disha Parshuram 'Pagal Parsa' Sarpat
1991 Irada Shanker
1991 Sam & Me Chetan Parikh
1991 Narsimha Suraj Narayan Singh 'Baapji'
1991 Meena Bazar
1991 Antarnaad
1992 Karm Yodha Sub-Inspector Patwardhan
1992 Raat Sharji Hindi film
1992 Current Velu
1992 City of Joy Hazari Pal English film
1992 Ankuram Parvez Hussain Telugu film
1992 Dharavi Rajkaran
1993 Aakanksha
1993 Maya Memsaab
1993 The Burning Season Rajiv Sharma
1993 Patang Mathura
1994 Ankuram Satyam
1994 In Custody Deven
1994 Wolf Dr. Vijay Alezias English film
1994 Drohkaal DCP Abhay Singh
1994 Purush
1994 Triyacharitra Billar
1995 Ek Ka Jawab Do
1995 Beparoa
1995 Zakhmi Sipahi Om Chaudhary
1995 Aatank Hi Aatank Sharad Joshi
1995 Brothers in Trouble Hussein Shah
1995 Target Rambharosa
1995 Tarpan Jassu
1995 Kartavya Ghulam Rasul
1996 PremGranth Baliram
1996 Krishna Minister Amar Prabhakar
1996 The Ghost and the Darkness Abdullah English film
1996 Maachis Sanatan Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor
1996 Ghatak: Lethal Sachdev
1996 Ram Aur Shyam D.I.G. Suryapratap Thakur
1996 Talaashi Inspector Puri
1997 Zameer: The Awakening of a Soul Jaichand Marwah
1997 Gupt: The Hidden Truth Inspector Udham Singh Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor
1997 My Son the Fanatic Parvez English film
1997 Bhai Advocate Satyaprakash
1997 Chachi 420 Banwari lal-Secy
1997 Mrityudand Rambaran Mahto
1997 Nirnayak Inspector Nanak
1997 Chupp Keshav Narang
1997 Aastha Amar
1998 Vinashak – Destroyer Inspector Khan
1998 Zor: Never Underestimate the Force Shah Alam
1998 Pyaar To Hona Hi Tha Inspector Khan Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor
1998 Such a Long Journey Ghulam Mohamed English film
1998 China Gate Col. Krishnakant Puri Hindi film
1999 East Is East George Khan English film
Nominated, BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
1999 A.K.47 Commissioner Yashwant Sinha Kannada film
1999 Khoobsurat Dilip Chaudhary
1999 Mon petit diable
2000 Dulhan hum le jayenge Bhola Nath
2000 Pukar Colonel Hussein
2000 Hey Ram Subhash Goel
2000 Hera Pheri Khadak Singh
2000 Kunwara Balraj Singh
2000 Kurukshetra Baburao Deshmukh
2000 Ghaath Ajay Pandey
2000 Zindagi Zindabad
2000 Bas Yaari Rakho Tom
2001 Farz ACP Arjun Singh
2001 Zahreela Arun Dev
2001 Gadar: Ek Prem Katha Narrator
2001 The Parole Officer George English film
2001 Happy Now? Tin Man
2001 The Zookeeper the Vet English film
2001 The Mystic Masseur Ramlogan English film
2001 Indian Joginder Singh
2001 Deewaanapan Prakash Saxena - Suraj's dad
2001 Bollywood Calling Subramaniam
2001 Is Pyaar Ko Kya Naam Doon
2002 Pitaah Thakur Avadh Narayan Singh
2002 Maa Tujhhe Salaam Voice
2002 Kranti Col. Krishnakanth
2002 Ansh: The Deadly Part Bhagat Pandey
2002 Pyaar Diwana Hota Hai Dr. S. Puri
2002 Awara Paagal Deewana Ballu Bolbachan
2002 Shararat DCP Bhosle
2002 Chor Machaye Shor DCP Pandey
2002 Guru Mahaaguru Crocodile
2002 Ghaav: The Wound Inspector Gautam
2002 Dhruva Kannada film
2003 Aapko Pehle Bhi Kahin Dekha Hai Sam
2003 Kash Aap Hamare Hote Yashwant Raj Mankotia
2003 Ek Aur Ek Gyarah: By Hook or by Crook Narrator Uncredited
2003 Code 46 Bahkland English film
2003 Miss India: The Mystery Inspector Yograj
2003 Maqbool Inspector Pandit
2003 Chupke Se Qasim Khan Qayamat
2003 Kagaar: Life on the Edge Sub-Inspector Gokhale
2003 Dhoop Father of Dead Military Man
2003 Pyaar Kiya Nahin Jaata Om Prakash Khurana
2004 Yuva Prosonjit Bhatacharya
2004 Aan: Men at Work Police Commissioner Khurana
2004 Dev Special Commissioner Tejinder Khosla
2004 Lakshya Subedar Maj. Pritam Singh
2004 Kyun! Ho Gaya Na... Mr. Khanna
2004 King of Bollywood Karan Kumar
2004 A. K. 47 Commissioner Yashwant Sinha
2004 Stop! Anand Mehra
2005 Zinda Dil
2005 Kisna: The Warrior Poet Jumman Miya
2005 Mumbai Xpress ACP S.P. Rao
2005 Mangal Pandey: The Rising Narrator
2005 Amar Joshi Shahid Ho Gaya Writer
2005 Kyon Ki Dr.Khurana
2005 Deewane Huye Paagal Mehboob / Scientist Khurana
2005 The Hangman Shiva Sathe
2006 Rang De Basanti Amanullah Khan
2006 Baghi Haakam Singh
2006 Malamaal Weekly Balwant 'Balu'
2006 Chup Chup Ke Prabhat Singh Chauhan
2006 Baabul Balwant Kapoor
2006 Don: The Chase Begins Again CBI Officer Vishal Malik
2007 Khallas: The Beginning of End A.C.P. Akhlaq Khan
2007 Delhii Heights Timmy Kohli
2007 Panga Naa Lo Kartar Singh
2007 Fool & Final Father of Rahul / Raja
2007 Buddha Mar Gaya Vidyut Baba / Vidya
2007 Victoria No. 203 Rana
2007 Dhol Tripathi
2007 Dum Kaata Ranade / Aabu
2007 Charlie Wilson's War Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq English film
2007 Shoot on Sight Junaid
2007 Welcome Narrator
2007 Dhol Inspector Om
2008 Yaariyan Jagpal Bir 'J.B.' Singh
2008 Lovesongs: Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow Aftab Jaffrey
2008 Mere Baap Pehle Aap Madhav Mathur
2008 Kismat Konnection Sanjeev Gill
2008 Money Hai Toh Honey Hai Narrator
2008 Singh Is Kinng Rangeela
2008 Mukhbiir SP Intelligence — Rathod
2008 Maharathi ACP Gokhale
2009 Chal Chala Chal Omkar Nath
2009 Billu Sahukaar Daamchand
2009 Delhi-6 Madan Gopal Sharma
2009 Baabarr Daroga Chaturvedi
2009 London Dreams Arjun's uncle
2009 Life Goes On Alok
2009 Kurbaan Bhaijaan
2009 Bolo Raam Inspector Indrajeet Singh Rathi
2010 Road to Sangam Mohammad Ali Kasuri
2010 Na Ghar Ke Na Ghaat Ke Sankata Prasad Tripathi
2010 Kushti Jiten Singh
2010 Dabangg Police Inspector
2010 West Is West George Khan English film
2010 Action Replayy Rai Bhahadur
2011 Teen Thay Bhai Chixie Gill
2011 Kucch Luv Jaisaa Madhu's Father
2011 Love Express Khadak Singh Bakshi
2011 Bin Bulaye Baraati Sub Inspector Pralay Pratap Singh
2011 Khap Sarpanch
2011 Don 2: The King is Back CBI Officer Vishal Malik
2011 Society Kaam Se Gayi
2012 Agneepath Additional Commissioner Gaitonde
2012 Tere Naal Love Ho Gaya Chaudhary
2012 Chaar Din Ki Chandni Fatoor Singh
2012 Mere Dost Picture Abhi Baaki Hai Baig Saab - Writer
2012 Krishna Aur Kans Kans Voice
2012 Son of Flower Munshi Pyare Lal Suman
2012 The Reluctant Fundamentalist Abu
2012 Kamaal Dhamaal Malamaal David
2012 OMG: Oh My God! Hanif Qureshi (Hanif Bhai)
2012 Chakravyuh Govind Suryavanshi
2013 Policegiri Commissioner
2013 Jatt Boys Putt Jattan De Jora Vailly Punjabi film
2013 Bhaji in Problem Punjabi film
2013 The Lovers Uncredited
2014 Heartless Dr. Sanjay Trehan
2014 Bazaar E Husn Kishan Chand
2014 The Hundred-Foot Journey Papa Kadam English
2014 Aa Gaye Munde U.K. De Daleep Singh Dhillon
2014 Little Terrors Abdul-Wadood Kamil
2014 Chaar Sahibzaade Narrator Punjabi film
Voice
2015 Jai Jawaan Jai Kisaan Dr. Rajendra Prasad Hindi
2015 Dirty Politics Laddu Babu aka Sai Kumar Konakandla Hindi
2015 Leather Life
2015 Jai Ho Democracy Pandeyji
2015 Uvaa Hukum Pratap Choudhary Hindi
2015 Miss Tanakpur Haazir Ho Matang Singh Hindi
2015 Bajrangi Bhaijaan Moulana Sahab Hindi
2015 Welcome Back Narrator Voice
2015 Buniyaad Bapuji
2015 Hogaya Dimaagh Ka Dahi Mirza Kishan Singh Joseph
2015 Trafficker Supreme Court Judge
2016 Ghayal Once Again ACP Joe D'Souza Hindi
2016 A Million Rivers Shiv English[37][38]
2016 Aadupuliyattam Muni Malayalam, dubbed in Tamil as Shenbaga Kottai and Telugu as Mathangi and Hindi as Mera Badla 2.[39]
Nominated, IIFA Utsavam for Performance in a Supporting Role – Male
2016 Project Marathwada Tukaram
2016 Waarrior Savitri Yamraj
2016 Actor In Law Rafaqat Mirza Pakistani film[40]
2016 A Death in the Gunj O.P Bakshi
2016 Mirzya Munna (Lauhar)
2016 Gandhigiri Rai Saheb
2016 Yeh Hai Lollipop Masoom
2016 Chaar Sahibzaade: Rise of Banda Singh Bahadur Narrator
2016 Chapekar Brothers Bal Gangadhar Tilak[41] Hindi
2016 The Jungle Book Bagheera Hindi dub[42]
Voice
2017 Viceroy's House Ali Rahim Noor Posthumous release
English[43]
2017 The Ghazi Attack Admiral V.S. Nanda Posthumous release
2017 Tiger Posthumous release
2017 Tubelight Banne Chacha Posthumous release
2017 Mr. Kabaadi Channulal Surmewala Posthumous release
2018 Lashtam Pashtam Saleem Posthumous release
2018 Load Wedding Raja's Father Posthumous release
2019 The Gandhi Murder T.G., Director General of Police Posthumous release
2020 Gul Makai General Kayani Posthumous release

Television[edit | edit source]

Year Title Role Notes
1981 Sadgati Dukhi Television film
1984 The Jewel in the Crown Mr De Souza British series[44]
1985 Khandaan
1988 Bharat Ek Khoj Various characters [44]
1988 Tamas Nathu Television film[44]
1988–1989 Mr. Yogi Narrator [44]
1988 Kakaji Kahin Kakaji [44]
1993–1994 Kirdaar Various characters [45]
1994 Woh Chokri Television film
1995 Aahat Season 1 (1995-2001) Episode 100-101 Jagte Raho Randhir magician 1 Episode
1997 Sea Hawks Uncle Sam [46]
1999 Antaral Shreevee
2001 CID Joe Santose 2 episodes
2002 White Teeth Samad Miah Iqbal British TV serial
2002–2003 Jasoos Vijay Presenter
2003 Second Generation Sharma Television film
2003 The Canterbury Tales Jetender British series

Awards and nominations[edit | edit source]

Wins
Nominations

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Gulzar, Saibal Chatterjee (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Publisher Popular Prakashan. p. 606. ISBN 978-8179910665. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  2. Kumar, Anuj (10 April 2014). "Blast from the past - Aakrosh (1980)". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2014)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 21 May 2014. p. 98. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Indian actor Om Puri awarded OBE". British Broadcasting Corporation. 23 July 2004. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
  5. "Rediff on the Net, Movies:An interview with Om Puri". rediff.com. Archived from the original on 14 August 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  6. Puri, Nandita (2009). Om Puri: Unlikely Hero. Roli Books. ISBN 978-9351940753.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Did you know? Om Puri ran a chai kiosk in his childhood". Dawn. 19 December 2015. Archived from the original on 8 January 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  8. Panchal, Komal (6 January 2016). "RIP Om Puri: His journey from rag picking to cinematic success". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 13 January 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Jhal, Subhash (11 November 2009). "My wife made me look cheap: Om Puri". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 8 January 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  10. "Om Puri passes away: NSD remembers its iconic student - Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 12 January 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  11. "NSD Graduates" (PDF). National School of Drama. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  12. "He was too quiet, reserved for an acting student: FTII batchmates remember Om Puri". The Indian Express. 7 January 2017. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  13. "Om Puri, celebrated Indian actor, dies at 66". The Guardian. 6 January 2017. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Veteran actor Om Puri passes away, Bollywood mourns his demise". The Times of India. 7 January 2017. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  15. 15.0 15.1 "The legacy of Om Puri". The Week. 6 January 2017. Archived from the original on 7 January 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  16. "Om Puri dies of heart attack at 66". Livemint. 6 January 2017. Archived from the original on 7 January 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  17. Pal, Divya (31 July 2014). "Om Puri earns 15–25 lakh not a crore for a film; does Bollywood have an age bias?". News18. Archived from the original on 7 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 "Om Puri: Veteran Indian actor dies at the age of 66". BBC. 6 January 2017. Archived from the original on 7 January 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 "In Om Puri, we witnessed one of the finest, most versatile shape-shifters of our times". The Economic Times. 7 January 2017. Archived from the original on 9 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  20. "Om Puri: Acting giant who traversed both East and West". Business Standard. 6 January 2017. Archived from the original on 11 October 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.5 "Om Puri: The actor who never got his due". BBC. 6 January 2017. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 "Om Puri: An Acting Giant of Parallel And New Wave Cinema". Huffington Post. 6 January 2017. Archived from the original on 7 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  23. "Om Puri returns to TV with crime show". Hindustantimes.com. 24 July 2012. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  24. "Om Puri's 'Marathi debut". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 23 June 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  25. "Salman Khan's Tubelight to be Om Puri's last film, Kabir Khan says will miss his warm hugs". 6 January 2017. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  26. "Om Puri to star in his first wife Seema Kapoor's film". Mid-Day. 31 August 2016. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  27. "The Om Puri Story: A marriage on the rocks, a son caught in the middle and old lovers". m.indiatoday.in. Archived from the original on 21 September 2016. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  28. "Om Puri passes away after a massive heart attack". The Indian Express. 6 January 2017. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  29. "My wife made me look cheap: Om Puri". The Times of India. 11 November 2009. Archived from the original on 8 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  30. "The Om Puri Story: A marriage on the rocks, a son caught in the middle and old lovers". India Today. 28 August 2013. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 Puri, Nandita (9 January 2017). "Om Puri, Through The Eyes of His Former Wife". Outlook. Archived from the original on 7 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  32. "Om Puri's six defining roles – The Hindu". Archived from the original on 15 January 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  33. "Om Puri passes away after a massive heart attack". indianexpress.com. 6 January 2017. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  34. "Veteran actor Om Puri passes away". ThisHour.in. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  35. "Indian actor Om Puri dies aged 66". BBC News. 6 January 2017. Archived from the original on 7 January 2017. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  36. "Academy Awards 2017 Pay Tribute To Om Puri, Actor Mentioned In 'Memorium' Segment At Oscars". indiatimes.com. Archived from the original on 28 February 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  37. "Patiala-born filmmaker to discuss her new Partition film in NY". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 31 December 2015. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  38. "A Million Rivers". 18 June 2011. Archived from the original on 7 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  39. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  40. "Om Puri's first Pakistani film to release on Eidul Azha". The Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 19 April 2016. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  41. "Om Puri to play Bal Gangadhar Tilak onscreen". Hindustantimes.com. 17 February 2015. Archived from the original on 22 February 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  42. "Priyanka Chopra, Irrfan and Om Puri roped in for The Jungle Book". Archived from the original on 7 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  43. Chadha, Gurinder (6 January 2017). "Om Puri remembered: a man of wit and compassion who put a human face on a label". Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017 – via The Guardian.
  44. 44.0 44.1 44.2 44.3 44.4 "Actor Om Puri no more; 5 TV series where he stole the show with his incredible talent". Archived from the original on 23 March 2019. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  45. "Gulzar to be seen in a prime time serial 'Kirdar'". 31 October 1993. Archived from the original on 23 November 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  46. "The Sunday Tribune - Spectrum - Television". www.tribuneindia.com. Archived from the original on 23 March 2017. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  47. "29th National Film Festival (1982)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 May 2011. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
  48. "31st National Film Festival June 1984" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 January 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
  49. "Om Puri to get lifetime achievement award at International Film Festival of Prayag". The Indian Express. 16 December 2014. Archived from the original on 7 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  50. "International Pakistan Prestige Awards Nominations Revealed!". Brandsynario. 11 September 2017. Archived from the original on 18 September 2017. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  51. Alefyah Hasnain (18 September 2017). "Actor In Law Steals the Limelight at IPPA Awards 2017". Brandsynario. Archived from the original on 1 March 2018. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  52. "Bafta nominations in full". BBC. 1 March 2000. Archived from the original on 28 June 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  53. Anu, James (14 March 2017). "IIFA Utsavam 2017: Malayalam nomination list out; Maheshinte Prathikaram and Charlie in stiff competition". IB Times. Archived from the original on 30 March 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2017.

External links[edit | edit source]

Description[edit source]

This metadata template links Wikipedia articles to various library (and other) catalogue systems, for biographies and other topics.

This template draws most of its values from Wikidata, but they can be overridden by locally entered data. Adding the data to Wikidata is preferable.

If there is no information in Wikidata for the specific subject, an empty instance of this template will be dormant, meaning it will be invisible on the rendered page. Thus, using this template on a page with no authority information is harmless.

An empty instance of this template stays dormant in an article, until values are added to Wikidata, when it will then display them, so this template should be added to all biographies, whether or not there are authority control identifiers in Wikidata already.

User pages[edit source]

The template may also be placed on user pages, but then data must be entered locally.

Data types[edit source]

Wikidata content is used as fallback for all identifiers.

The template validates digits for all values and shows an error if the check fails.

Wherever possible, the template also generates a link to WorldCat Identities, using VIAF or LCCN values, or manually via |WORLDCATID=.

Position[edit source]

As a metadata template, the Authority control template should be placed after the external links section and navigation templates, right before the categories.

Usage[edit source]

As a general guideline:

1: insert the empty version,
2: click "Show preview" to see which sources are automatically pulled from Wikidata,
3a: if you know of more sources, add them in the template using their named parameter,
3b: alternatively, consider adding those sources to the article's "Wikidata item", so that all versions of Wikipedia will automatically benefit.

In addition to the mixed-case parameter names listed on this page, the template also supports all-lowercase alias names of all parameters (except for deprecated ones).


Examples[edit source]

Victor Hugo:

{{Authority control |VIAF=9847974 |LCCN=n/79/091479 |ISNI=0000 0001 2120 0982 |GND=118554654 |SELIBR=206651 |SUDOC=026927608 |BNF=cb11907966z |BIBSYS=90054094 |ULAN=500032572 |HDS=011461 |MBA=c0c99c8f-4779-4c35-9497-67d60a73310a |NLA=35212404 |NDL=00443985 |NKC=jn19990003739 |Léonore=LH//1320/26 |ICCU=IT\ICCU\CFIV\000163 |RSL=000081185 |BNE=XX874892 |CINII=DA00460099 |RKDartists=40381}}

Template loop detected: Template:Authority control

Alexander Graham Bell:

{{Authority control |VIAF=59263727 |LCCN=n/79/113947 |ISNI=0000 0000 8138 6064 |GND=119408643 |SUDOC=066924146 |BNF=13746617f |MBA=9dd93d09-24b4-41f1-a48b-ef48b07499c3 |NDL=00620343}}

Template loop detected: Template:Authority control

Harry Forbes Witherby:

{{Authority control |VIAF=66861474 |LCCN=n/87/142671 |ISNI=0000 0001 0911 2808 |GND=117421863 |SUDOC=090162897}}

Template loop detected: Template:Authority control

Rendering[edit source]

The template is split into seven sections: "General", "National libraries", "Art galleries and museums", "Art research institutes", "Biographical dictionaries", "Scientific databases", and "Other". If all identifiers are in the same section, |state= is ignored, and the template displays on one line: Template loop detected: Template:Authority control Otherwise, the template displays as a navbox with a header: Template loop detected: Template:Authority control

Initial visibility: currently defaults to autocollapse

To set this template's initial visibility, the |state= parameter may be used:

  • |state=collapsed: {{Om Puri|state=collapsed}} to show the template collapsed, i.e., hidden apart from its title bar
  • |state=expanded: {{Om Puri|state=expanded}} to show the template expanded, i.e., fully visible
  • |state=autocollapse: {{Om Puri|state=autocollapse}}
    • shows the template collapsed to the title bar if there is a {{navbar}}, a {{sidebar}}, or some other table on the page with the collapsible attribute
    • shows the template in its expanded state if there are no other collapsible items on the page

If the |state= parameter in the template on this page is not set, the template's initial visibility is taken from the |default= parameter in the Collapsible option template. For the template on this page, that currently evaluates to autocollapse.

Wikidata and tracking categories[edit source]

The template can get its information from the following properties on Wikidata:

Lua error: too many expensive function calls.

Additional tracking categories[edit source]

This template may add the following categories:

Error reports[edit source]

See the monthly parameter usage report for this template.

Microformat[edit source]

The template wraps each UID value with the HTML markup: <span class="uid">...</span>, which enables the first-found value to be included in an hCard microformat.

See also[edit source]

TemplateData[edit source]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly parameter usage report for this template.

TemplateData for Om Puri

A template to link Wikipedia articles to various library catalogue systems

Template parameters

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
VIAFVIAF viaf

International authority data from the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC).

Default
Wikidata property P214
Numberoptional
LCCNLCCN lccn

Library of Congress Control Number. See [[Wikipedia:Authority control#LCCN]] for formatting instructions.

Default
Wikidata property P244
Stringoptional
ISNIISNI isni

International Standard Name Identifier is a method for uniquely identifying the public identities of contributors to media content such as books, TV programmes, and newspaper articles.

Default
Wikidata property P213
Stringoptional
ORCIDORCID orcid

Authority data on researchers, academics, etc. The ID range has been defined as a subset of the forthcoming ISNI range.

Default
Wikidata property P496
Stringoptional
GNDGND gnd GKD PND SWD

Authority data on people, corporations and subjects from the German National Library.

Default
Wikidata property P227
Stringoptional
SELIBRSELIBR selibr

Authority data from the National Library of Sweden.

Default
Wikidata property P906
Stringoptional
SUDOCSUDOC sudoc

Authority data of people listed in the general catalogue of the University Documentation System of France.

Default
Wikidata property P269
Stringoptional
BNFBNF bnf

Authority data of people listed in the general catalogue of the National Library of France.

Default
Wikidata property P268
Stringoptional
BPNBPN bpn

Dutch project with material for 40,000 digitized biographies, including former colonies of the Netherlands.

Default
Wikidata property P651
Numberoptional
RIDRID rid

An identifying system for scientific authors. The system was introduced in January 2008 by Thomson Reuters. The combined use of the Digital Object Identifier with the ResearcherID allows for a unique association of authors and scientific articles.

Default
Wikidata property P1053
Stringoptional
BIBSYSBIBSYS bibsys

BIBSYS is a supplier of library and information systems for all Norwegian university Libraries, the National Library of Norway, college libraries, and a number of research libraries and institutions.

Default
Wikidata property P1015
Stringoptional
ULANULAN ulan

ULAN is an online database using a controlled vocabulary currently containing around 293,000 names and other information about artists.

Default
Wikidata property P245
Stringoptional
HDSHDS hds

Historical Dictionary of Switzerland is an encyclopedia on the history of Switzerland.

Default
Wikidata property P902
Numberoptional
LIRLIR lir

Historical Dictionary of Switzerland: Lexicon Istoric Retic (LIR) is a two volume version with a selection of articles published in Romansh.

Default
Wikidata property P886
Numberoptional
MBAMBA mba

MusicBrainz is an open music encyclopedia that collects music metadata and makes it available to the public.

Default
Wikidata property P434
Stringoptional
MGPMGP mgp

Mathematics Genealogy Project is a web-based database for the academic genealogy of mathematicians.

Default
Wikidata property P549
Numberoptional
NLANLA nla

Authority control number issued by the National Library of Australia.

Default
Wikidata property P409
Stringoptional
NDLNDL ndl

Authority control number issued by the National Diet Library (National Library of Japan).

Default
Wikidata property P349
Numberoptional
NCLNCL ncl

National Central Library is the national library of Taiwan, Republic of China.

Default
Wikidata property P1048
Numberoptional
NKCNKC nkc

National Library of the Czech Republic (Národní knihovna České republiky) is the central library of the Czech Republic.

Default
Wikidata property P691
Stringoptional
LéonoreLéonore léonore

Léonore database (Base Léonore) is a French database that lists the records of the members of the National Order of the Legion of Honor.

Default
Wikidata property P640
Stringoptional
ICCUICCU iccu

Central Institute for the Union Catalogue (ICCU: Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo Unico) is an Italian government agency created to build a single catalog of all the libraries in the nation. It manages National Library Service (SBN: Servizio bibliotecario nazionale).

Default
Wikidata property P396
Stringoptional
RSLRSL rsl

Russian State Library (Российская государственная библиотека) is the national library of Russia.

Default
Wikidata property P947
Numberoptional
BotanistBotanist botanist

Author citation (botany): standard form (official abbreviation) of a personal name for use in an author citation (only for names of algae, fungi and plants). Links to page at International Plant Names Index (IPNI).

Default
Wikidata property P428
Stringoptional
NARANARA nara NARA-person NARA-organization

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is an independent agency of the United States government charged with preserving and documenting government and historical records.

Default
Wikidata property P1225
Numberoptional
NARA-personNARA-person

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is an independent agency of the United States government charged with preserving and documenting government and historical records.

Default
Wikidata property P1222
Numberdeprecated
NARA-organizationNARA-organization

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is an independent agency of the United States government charged with preserving and documenting government and historical records.

Default
Wikidata property P1223
Numberdeprecated
USCongressUSCongress uscongress

Biographical Directory of the United States Congress is a biographical dictionary of all present and former members of the United States Congress and its predecessor, the Continental Congress. Also included are Delegates from territories and the District of Columbia and Resident Commissioners from the Philippines and Puerto Rico.

Default
Wikidata property P1157
Stringoptional
BNEBNE bne

National Library of Spain (BNE: Biblioteca Nacional de España) is a major public library, the largest in Spain.

Default
Wikidata property P950
Stringoptional
CINIICINII cinii

CiNii is a bibliographic database service for material in Japanese academic libraries. It is maintained by the [[National Institute of Informatics]].

Default
Wikidata property P271
Stringoptional
TLSTLS tls

Theaterlexikon der Schweiz (TLS) is an encyclopedia about theatre in Switzerland. It was developed by the Institute of Theatre Studies of the University of Berne.

Default
Wikidata property P1362
Stringoptional
SIKARTSIKART sikart

SIKART is a biographical dictionary and a database on visual art in Switzerland and Liechtenstein. It is published online by the Swiss Institute for Art Research (SIAR).

Default
Wikidata property P781
Numberoptional
KULTURNAVKULTURNAV kulturnav

KulturNav is a Norwegian cloud-based software service, allowing users to create, manage and distribute name authorities and terminology, focusing on the needs of museums and other cultural heritage institutions. The software is developed by KulturIT ANS and the development project is funded by the [[Arts Council Norway]].

Default
Wikidata property P1248
Stringoptional
RKDartistsRKDartists rkdartists

RKDartists is an online database using a controlled vocabulary currently containing around 200,000+ names and other information about artists

Default
Wikidata property P650
Numberoptional
autores.uyautores.uy

autores.uy is an author's database, that focus on uruguayan authors. It also provides access to digitized works of the authors in public domain.

Default
Wikidata property P2558
Numberoptional
PICPIC pic

Photographers' Identities Catalog (PIC) is a photographer's database. It is maintained by the New York Public Library.

Default
Wikidata property P2750
Numberoptional
ACM-DLACM-DL acm-dl

Association for Computing Machinery Digital Library (ACM DL) author identifier.

Default
Wikidata property P864
Numberoptional
BALaTBALaT balat

Identifier for images in the Photo Library database of BALaT (Belgian Art Links & Tools), maintained by KIK-IRPA, Belgium's Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage.

Default
Wikidata property P3293
Numberoptional
BildindexBildindex bildindex

Picture index of art and architecture.

Default
Wikidata property P2092
Numberoptional
DBLPDBLP dblp

Identifier for person entries in the DBLP (Digital Bibliography & Library Project) computer science bibliography.

Default
Wikidata property P2456
Numberoptional
IAAFIAAF iaaf

Identifier for athletes in International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) database and website.

Default
Wikidata property P1146
Stringoptional
JocondeJoconde joconde

Identifier in the Joconde database of the French Ministry of Culture.

Default
Wikidata property P347
Stringoptional
LNBLNB lnb

Identifier assigned by the National Library of Latvia.

Default
Wikidata property P1368
Numberoptional
NSKNSK nsk

Identifier for an item in the National and University Library in Zagreb (including leading zeroes).

Default
Wikidata property P1375
Numberoptional
RKDIDRKDID rkdid

Identifier per RKDimages of the Netherlands Institute for Art History.

Default
Wikidata property P350
Numberoptional
SNAC-IDSNAC-ID snac-id

Identifier for items in the Social Networks and Archival Context system.

Default
Wikidata property P3430
Stringoptional
NLBNLB ID nlb

Identifier of a person, organisation or place from the name authorities of National Library Board.

Default
Wikidata property P3988
Stringoptional
UKPARLUKPARL urparl

UK Parliament member ID

Default
Wikidata property P6213
Stringoptional
KANTOKANTO ID finaf Asteri

Finnish national agent database ID

Default
Wikidata property P8980
Stringoptional
VcBAVcBA vcba

Vatican Library ID

Default
Wikidata property P8034
Stringoptional
statestate

Initial state of the template

Suggested values
autocollapse expanded collapsed
Default
autocollapse
Unknownsuggested