Described at: DBpedia
Afghanistan is a country located in South Asia, bordered by Pakistan to the east and south, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north, and China to the northeast. It has a diverse landscape, including mountain ranges, deserts, and fertile valleys.
Here are some key points about Afghanistan:
1. **Capital:** Kabul
2. **Official Languages:** Pashto and Dari (Persian)
3. **Government:** Afghanistan has experienced significant political instability and conflict, including the presence of international military forces. It has undergone changes in government and leadership in recent years.
4. **Culture:** Afghanistan has a rich cultural heritage with influences from various ethnic groups, including Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, and others. The country is known for its traditional music, art, and literature.
5. **History:** Afghanistan has a complex history, including periods of ancient civilizations, such as the Gandhara civilization, as well as more recent history marked by conflicts and invasions, including Soviet occupation and civil wars.
6. **Recent Developments:** Afghanistan has faced ongoing challenges, including conflict, terrorism, and efforts to establish stable governance. The withdrawal of international troops in 2021 brought significant changes to the country’s political landscape.