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Described at: DBpedia

Pakistan is a South Asian country known for its rich history, diverse culture, and stunning landscapes. It shares borders with India to the east, Afghanistan and Iran to the west, China to the north, and the Arabian Sea to the south. Here’s a brief description:

1. **Geography**: Pakistan offers a varied topography, from the towering peaks of the Himalayas in the north, including K2, the world’s second-highest mountain, to fertile plains along the Indus River in the south. The country also has a coastline along the Arabian Sea.

2. **Culture**: Pakistani culture is a blend of various ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups, with influences from Persia, Central Asia, and the Middle East. Urdu is the national language, but there are many regional languages and dialects.

3. **Religion**: Islam is the predominant religion in Pakistan, and the country was founded as a separate homeland for Muslims in 1947 during the partition of British India.

4. **History**: Pakistan has a rich historical heritage, with ancient civilizations like the Indus Valley Civilization dating back over 4,000 years. It was part of various empires and dynasties, including the Mughal Empire.

5. **Independence**: Pakistan gained independence from British rule on August 14, 1947, and it was created as a separate nation for Muslims. This day is celebrated as Pakistan’s Independence Day.

6. **Cuisine**: Pakistani cuisine is diverse and flavorful. Dishes like biryani, kebabs, and various types of bread (naan, roti) are popular. Spices play a significant role in Pakistani cooking.

7. **Economy**: Pakistan’s economy is a mix of agriculture, industry, and services. Major industries include textiles, agriculture, manufacturing, and technology.

8. **Challenges**: Pakistan faces various challenges, including political instability, security issues, and economic disparities. It has made efforts to address these challenges and promote development.

9. **Tourism**: Pakistan is gaining recognition as a tourist destination, particularly for its stunning mountain landscapes and historical sites. The northern regions, including Gilgit-Baltistan, attract adventurers and nature enthusiasts.

10. **Arts and Literature**: Pakistani literature, music, and art have a rich tradition. Notable authors like Allama Iqbal and Faiz Ahmed Faiz have made significant contributions to poetry and literature.

Pakistan is a country of contrasts, where ancient traditions coexist with modern developments. Its natural beauty and cultural richness make it a unique and intriguing nation in South Asia.

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